|Scale and Polish|
Dental cleanings involve removing plaque (soft, sticky, bacteria infected film) and tartar (calculus) deposits that have built up on the teeth over time. Usually it is tooth coloured, it also can vary from brown to black in colour. If the scale, or calculus (tartar, as dentists like to call it) is allowed to accumulate on the teeth it will unfortunately provide the right conditions for bacteria to thrive next to the gums. The purpose of the cleaning and polishing is basically to leave the surfaces of the teeth clean and smooth so that bacteria are unable to stick to them and you have a better chance of keeping the teeth clean during your regular home care.